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Chihuahua: Breed Data and Care Information



The Chihuahua is a vigorous and alert canine breed. Daring, assured, and dedicated to their house owners, Chihuahuas are perfect pets for individuals who have the time to coach and socialize their canines.

Chihuahuas are tiny canines with a naturally excessive vitality degree. These canines attain as much as 6–9 inches tall when totally grown and stay for 12–20 years. A typical Chihuahua weighs from 3 to six kilos.

Contents and Fast Navigation

Chihuahua Fast Abstract

Breed Sort: Toy canine
Appropriate For: People, households with older youngsters, individuals who spend most of their time at dwelling and might dedicate sufficient time to their pet
Measurement:6–9 inches
Weight: As much as 6 kilos
Grooming Wants:Average; grooming relies on the coat sort, with long-fur coats requiring extra consideration
Lifespan: 12–20 years
Coloration Variations: Brown, black, fawn, purple, and cream
Temperament: Alert and watchdog-like, vigorous and brave, with an impartial streak
Day by day Train:Average, a minimum of one 30-minute stroll per day is required
Day by day Meals Consumption: 0.5–1 cups of dry kibble a day, divided into three meals
Identified Well being Points: Hip dysplasia, eye issues, luxating patellas (a kneecap subject), hydrocephalus (a buildup of fluid across the mind)

Chihuahua Look

Chihuahua puppy

Chihuahuas are small, skinny canines with giant, erect ears which can be held upright when the canines are alert. There are a number of kinds of Chihuahuas, every with their very own distinctive look.

Various kinds of Chihuahuas embrace deer head Chihuahuas, apple head Chihuahuas, long-hair Chihuahuas, short-hair Chihuahuas, and teacup Chihuahuas.

Peak and Weight

The common Chihuahua peak is 6–9 inches. Chihuahuas are the smallest canine breed, however some Chihuahuas have been bred to be taller and might develop as much as 15 inches.

Chihuahuas weigh between 6 and 9 kilos. Some Chihuahuas are bred to weigh lower than this, however such mild canines aren’t wholesome. Outsized Chihuahuas are additionally out there and weigh 12 kilos or extra. Giant Chihuahuas are higher suited to households with youngsters as a result of youngsters are much less more likely to injure an even bigger Chihuahua.

At 8 weeks previous, a Chihuahua pet weighs as little as 1.5 kilos. A Chihuahua that’s smaller at pet age is more likely to be a smaller grownup.


The colour of a Chihuahua’s fur ranges from black to brown, fawn, purple, and cream. Tricolor Chihuahuas are frequent, resembling black or brown with white or tan markings.

There are two frequent Chihuahua coat sorts: lengthy and clean. Lengthy-haired Chihuahuas have a flat or barely curly coat, a fringe of hair on the ears, and a fan-like tail. These canines have feathers on their ft, a ruff on their neck, and hair on their stomachs referred to as a frill.

Clean-coated Chihuahuas have clean, shiny coats with thinner hair on the ears in comparison with long-coated Chihuahuas. These canines have fur that sits near their our bodies.

Head Form

There are two kinds of Chihuahua head shapes: apple head and deer head.

Apple head Chihuahuas have rounded apple-shaped heads. The eyes of an apple head Chihuahua are giant and protrude from the Chihuahua’s head. Apple head Chihuahuas have quick, pointed snouts and shorter necks and are smaller than deer head Chihuahuas.

Deer head Chihuahuas have slim heads and angled facial options, very like the options of a deer. The snout of a deer head Chihuahua is longer than the snout of an apple head Chihuahua, and the eyes are much less pronounced.

Chihuahua Origins

No one is aware of for sure the place the Chihuahua originates from, however many historians assume that the Chihuahua’s homeland is Chihuahua, in Mexico. Specimens of Chihuahua are thought to have been first found within the mid-1800s.

Within the Eighteen Eighties, border vacationers started shopping for Chihuahuas from Mexican retailers and bringing the canines dwelling as pets. Chihuahuas didn’t have an official title again then — the breed was named after the area by which it was discovered. Because of this, Chihuahuas have been named the Texas canine, the Mexican canine, the Arizona canine, and the Chihuahua. The title that caught was the title that everyone knows at present: Chihuahua.

Chihuahua Character and Temperament

Chihuahuas are assured and alert and are sometimes described as terrier-like. With larger-than-life personas, Chihuahuas are perfect for anybody searching for a unusual, entertaining pet.

Social interplay is necessary for Chihuahuas, and these canines are finest suited to individuals who spend quite a lot of time at dwelling. Though Chihuahuas love being round individuals and kind shut bonds, these canines might be snappy with youngsters, so that they’re higher with adults and older youngsters.

Different canines might be housed with Chihuahuas, however large canines may by accident injure your tiny pet. Chihuahuas are bossy and sometimes order round different pets, together with larger canines. Because of this, having a Chihuahua as a single pet is most applicable.

Taking Care of a Chihuahua Canine

long-haired chihuahua running in a field

Caring for a Chihuahua is reasonably arduous, and this breed wants house owners who’re engaged and prepared to offer hours of each day consideration.

Some individuals assume that Chihuahuas are simpler to take care of than large canines due to their small dimension. Nonetheless, this isn’t true — a Chihuahua requires simply as a lot care as bigger breeds.

Meals Wants

A typical Chihuahua wants 0.5 to 1 cup of meals per day. Bigger Chihuahuas or canines that train for greater than half an hour per day require as much as 1.5 cups of meals per day.

Break up your Chihuahua’s meals parts into two or three, with separate meals all through the day. The precise quantity of meals you must feed a Chihuahua relies on the canine’s dimension and metabolism and the way a lot each day train the canine will get.

Excessive-quality dried kibble is finest for a Chihuahua. For a Chihuahua pet, purchase specialised pet meals with a excessive protein content material.

Grooming Wants

Chihuahuas require a couple of minutes of grooming per week. Brief-haired Chihuahuas needs to be brushed as soon as per week with a brush with quick bristles or a rubber grooming mitt. Brush long-haired Chihuahuas with a pin brush on a once-weekly foundation. To take away unfastened hair, use a fine-toothed flea comb.

Though Chihuahuas don’t have heavy shedding durations, these canines will shed probably the most within the spring and fall. Throughout these months, frequent brushing will management shedding, particularly for long-haired canines.

Chihuahuas don’t want a couple of tub monthly. To forestall the canine’s coat from drying out, use specifically formulated canine shampoo.

When grooming your Chihuahua, test the canine’s ears for odor and wax, and clear the ears with a cotton ball and a canine ear cleaning product if wanted. Trim your Chihuahua’s nails when you hear the nails clicking on the ground. You must also brush the canine’s tooth a minimum of thrice per week to forestall dental well being points.

Train Wants

Chihuahuas are energetic canines that like to play and run. They make nice condominium canines as a result of even following their house owners round their dwelling retains the canines match.

Take an grownup Chihuahua on a half-hour stroll daily. Chihuahuas have tiny legs, and these canines tire simply as a result of the canines must run to maintain up with their house owners.

Don’t speed-walk or jog along with your Chihuahua — sluggish strolling is finest. Carry your canine dwelling in case your canine is panting and struggling to maintain up.

Psychological Wants

Chihuahuas crave consideration, and an excessive amount of alone time generally results in whining, barking, chewing, and scratching.

Chihuahua house owners ought to make loads of time to play with their canines. As much as 10 minutes of playtime per day is ok for a Chihuahua pet. Grownup Chihuahuas profit from half-hour of play. Playtime helps Chihuahuas to launch vitality and bond with their house owners.

Though Chihuahuas love canine toys, not all toys will match within the canines’ mouths. Search for toys which can be designed for small canines. Pet toys are an choice, however these toys aren’t all the time sturdy sufficient for a Chihuahua. Chew toys comprised of robust rubber are good toys for Chihuahuas.

Widespread Well being Considerations

There are a variety of ailments and situations that Chihuahuas are liable to. It isn’t assured that your Chihuahua will get any of those ailments, however realizing what to look out for will show you how to to take quick motion if crucial.

Patellar luxation, or slipped stifles, is frequent in Chihuahuas and different small canines. This situation causes lameness within the legs resulting from a misalignment of the calf, thigh bone, and knee cap. Surgical procedure is required for extreme instances of patellar luxation.

Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is one other well being downside that toy breeds, together with Chihuahuas, are liable to. Within the early phases, hypoglycemia is simple to deal with, however a canine may change into significantly ailing if the situation isn’t handled. Search assist in case your canine is trembling and listless and has bluish-grey gums.

To scale back the potential for sickness, purchase a Chihuahua from a accountable breeder who can present proof that each the canines’ dad and mom have well being clearances.

Find out how to Prepare a Chihuahua

Chihuahuas are good canines, however this breed might be cussed and wilful. A Chihuahua is fiercely protecting of its proprietor, and with out early socialization, this conduct can come throughout as unfriendly and aggressive.

Socialize your Chihuahua as early as doable to forestall hostility in direction of different canines and other people. Chihuahuas change into demanding when you don’t lay down the principles, so you must train your canine from pet age that you just’re the boss of the family.

Start coaching when your Chihuahua is 8 weeks previous. Begin by educating your Chihuahua the essential instructions, getting the canine to take a seat and lie down in your phrase. You possibly can then train your canine easy methods to roll over, beg, and extra.

Chihuahuas are straightforward to coach as a result of they like to obtain constructive consideration and crave psychological stimulation. Reward your Chihuahua with a few treats on the finish of the coaching session.

When home coaching a Chihuahua pet, select a spot in your yard to take your pet to each time. Hold your Chihuahua on the leash whereas the pet does its enterprise to indicate your pet that you just’re the pack chief and rule-maker in the home.

Chihuahua Value

chihuahua winking

Chihuahuas are costly canines. As a result of Chihuahuas are tiny and have the lovable issue, breeders can value these canines extremely as a result of they know there are individuals prepared to pay some huge cash for them.

How A lot is a Chihuahua?

A Chihuahua prices $500 to $2,000. Value varies relying on location, the age of the canine, and the canine’s well being standing. As with all canine breeds, Chihuahua puppies value more cash than adults.

A Chihuahua from a championship bloodline prices hundreds of {dollars} greater than a non-championship Chihuahua. Championship breeds are likely to have milder temperaments, making them perfect household pets.

A very good breeder will embrace the value of vaccinations and early medical examinations within the canine’s buy value. It is best to count on to pay extra upfront for a canine that has been vaccinated.

Adopting a Chihuahua prices round $150, relying on the adoption price requested for by the shelter. Nonetheless, wholesome, well-behaved younger Chihuahuas are hardly ever put up for adoption.

How A lot Does it Price to Elevate a Chihuahua?

The whole value of elevating a Chihuahua is $500–$2,000 per yr. Pet insurance coverage and registration, grooming charges, pet licenses, first vaccinations, toys, bowls, treats, and beds are the prices mostly related to Chihuahua possession.

Most individuals will spend upwards of $500 on toys, beds, leashes, meals, and grooming within the first yr of proudly owning a Chihuahua, not together with vets charges or treats.

Ought to You Get a Chihuahua?

Chihuahuas are clever, expressive, vigorous canines which can be dedicated to their house owners. Nonetheless, not each way of life or household is true for a Chihuahua.

Chihuahuas are Appropriate for:

{Couples}, single individuals, and households with older youngsters are good house owners for Chihuahuas. Houses of any dimension, together with residences, are appropriate for Chihuahuas, though a house with a yard is preferable.

Chihuahuas require quite a lot of psychological stimulation, so these canines are higher suited to individuals who can spend a minimum of one hour per day strolling and enjoying with their canines.

Chihuahuas are NOT Appropriate for:

Households with youngsters below 8 years previous shouldn’t get a Chihuahua as a result of Chihuahuas are a fragile breed, and younger youngsters usually tend to by accident injure these canines.

Individuals who don’t have the time to coach, socialize and play with their pets aren’t an excellent match for Chihuahuas. These canines want early coaching to grow to be pleasant, sociable canines. Chihuahuas usually change into damaging when left alone for lengthy durations, so individuals who work lengthy hours away from dwelling shouldn’t purchase a Chihuahua.




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